Afghan Taliban admit covering up Mullah Omar’s death
Statement says former Taliban chief died on April 23, 2013
KABUL – The Taliban on Monday admitted covering up longtime leader Mullah Omar’s death for more than two years, saying he died in 2013 as was first claimed by the Afghan intelligence.
The group had continued as recently as July to release official statements in the name of Omar, who had not been seen in public since the Taliban were toppled from power in Kabul in 2001. They confirmed on July 30 that he had died but did not say when, deepening internal divisions as many insurgents accused the leadership of covering up his death for two years. A Taliban statement on Monday admitted for the first time that he died on April 23, 2013. The detail was buried in a biography of new leader Mullah Akhtar Mansour, Omar’s longtime deputy.
“Several key members of the supreme leading council of the Islamic Emirate (Taliban) and authentic religious scholars together decided on concealing the tragic news of passing away of (Omar) and keep this secret limited to the very few colleagues who were already informed of this incorrigible loss,” the biography said. “One of the main reasons behind this decision was that 2013 was considered the final year of power testing between the mujahidin and foreign invaders who had announced that at the end of 2014, all military operations by foreign troops would be concluded.”
Confirmation of Omar’s death and Mansour’s contentious ascension triggered a power struggle within the Taliban at a time when the rival Daesh or self-styled Islamic State group is making gradual inroads into Afghanistan. The Afghan Taliban published a biography of their new leader Monday as hundreds of insurgents met to resolve a dispute over his appointment following the death of figurehead Mullah Mohammad Omar. The detailed biography, emailed to journalists in five languages, offers the story of Mullah Akhtar Mansour, who now leads the Taliban in its fight against the Afghan government.
Mansour was named as the Taliban’s leader last month after the Afghan government revealed that Mullah Omar died in 2013. But family of Mullah Omar objected, saying the vote to elect Mansour was not representative of the group, sparking an internal power struggle. Hundreds of Taliban fighters, including battlefield commanders, are said to be meeting in Quetta in an effort to resolve the leadership dispute. The release of the biography appears to be an attempt by Mansour’s supporters to shore up his position and consolidate his power ahead of the meeting’s delegates making a final decision about who leads them.
That decision could be made within days. Habibullah Fouzi, a diplomat under the Taliban and now a member of the Afghan government’s High Peace Council charged with ending the war, said there could be more dissension coming in the Taliban. He said many rank-and-file members supported Mullah Omar’s brother, Manan, and son, Yaqub, who have challenged Mansour’s appointment. “It is clear that Mullah Mansour has been imposed into this position by others,” Fouzi said.
The biography released by the Talban’s media office described Mansour being appointed “in full compliance with Islamic Shariah law,” making him “totally legitimate.” Some top leaders including Omar’s son and brother have refused to pledge allegiance to new leader Mansour, saying the process to select him was rushed and biased. The Taliban have suffered a string of defections to IS. The power struggle, observers say, could be a very effective recruitment tool for IS, potentially helping it attract more Taliban turncoats.
In an effort to build support for the new leader, Mansour is portrayed as a man of simple tastes whose battlefield experience began in his mid-teens when he abandoned his religious studies to join the fight against the Soviet Union’s occupation of Afghanistan in the 1980s. Supposedly adept at shooting, “he particularly loves and has interest in marksmanship”, the biography states. He was injured “with 13 wounds in his body” during an assault on a Russian military post in the southern province of Kandahar in 1987 and only stopped fighting after the collapse of the Soviet-backed communist government in 1992.
But he played a key role in the formation of the Taliban in 1994 and was put in charge of Kandahar airport before later being appointed minister of aviation and tourism when the capital fell in 1996. Following the US-led invasion of 2001 and subsequent occupation of Afghanistan he was put in charge of insurgent activities in the south and made deputy head of the movement in 2007. Although the biography is at pains to claim that his formal elevation to leader of the Taliban last month was supported by senior members of the movement, analysts say his position is still far from secure. Michael Semple, a veteran observer of the Taliban, said the succession battle was only just beginning. He said there was no evidence that Mansour was either “pro-peace” or particularly close to Pakistan’s intelligence establishment.
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